Imagine a belief box with various sentences that express our beliefs, and there is a mechanism that applies rules to those sentences.

Suppose this is one of the rules : If there is a sentence Φ, and another sentence "if Φ then Ψ", then add sentence Ψ to the belief box.

  1. Suppose the belief box contains "if the interest rate is going to rise, the stock market will fall".
  2. Suppose a new sentence is added to the belief box, "the interest rate is going to rise".
  3. The rule will then add a new sentence to the box "the stock market will fall".